03/02/2016

NFC Technology

Find on this page a shortlist of established NFC technologies like Sony FeliCa or NXP MIFARE® DESFire®

Sony FeliCa is a contactless RFID smart card system from Sony in Japan, primarily used in electronic money cards. The name stands for Felicity Card. First utilized in the Octopus card system in Hong Kong, the technology is used in a variety of cards also in countries such as Singapore, Japan and the United States.

FeliCa’s encryption key is dynamically generated each time mutual authentication is performed, preventing fraud such as impersonation.

FeliCa is externally powered, i.e. it does not need a battery to operate. The card uses power supplied from the special FeliCa card reader when the card comes in range. When the data transfer is complete, the reader will stop the supply of power.

FeliCa was proposed for ISO/IEC 14443 Type C but was rejected. However, ISO/IEC 18092 (Near Field Communication) uses some similar modulation methods. It uses Manchester coding at 212 kbit/s in the 13.56 MHz range. A proximity of 10 centimeters or less is required for communication.


NXP MIFARE® is the NXP Semiconductors-owned trademark of a series of chips widely used in contactless smart cards and proximity cards.

The MIFARE® name covers proprietary technologies based upon various levels of the ISO/IEC 14443 Type A 13.56 MHz contactless smart card standard. According to MIFARE® themselves, 10 billion of their smart card chips and 150 million of their reader modules have been sold. The technology is owned by NXP Semiconductors, which was spun off from Philips Electronics in 2006.

MIFARE® DESFire® EV1

New evolution of MIFARE® DESFire® card, broadly backwards compatible. Available with 2 KB, 4 KB and 8 KB NV-Memory. Other features include:

  • Support for random ID
  • Support for 128-bit AES
  • Hardware and Operating System is Common Criteria certified at level EAL 4+

MIFARE® DESFire® EV1 was publicly announced in November 2006.

Key applications:NXP MIFARE® DESFire®

  • Advanced public transportation
  • Access management
  • Loyalty
  • Micropayment

MIFARE® DESFire® EV2

New evolution of MIFARE® DESFire® card, broadly backwards compatible. New features include:

  • MIsmartApp enabling to offer or sell memory space for additional applications of 3rd parties without the need to share secret keys
  • Transaction MAC to authenticate transactions by 3rd parties
  • Virtual Card Architecture for privacy protection
  • Proximity check against relay attacks

Dutch NFC Consult B.V. is a proud registered partner of MIFARE.net®

MIFARE® DESFire® EV2 was publicly announced in November 2013

MIFARE® DESFire® are registered trademarks of NXP B.V. and are used under license